Home Caring

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photo of a young budgerigar parrot

Basic necessities before Bringing Home s new Budgie

Budgies are small parrots, generally called parakeet. Budgies are natives of Australia. There are two sorts of budgies, American Regular budgies and British Budgerigar which is larger in size than the regular budgies. The main diet of budgies are fruits, vegetables, seeds and pellets. These small parrots are the best companion for those who like to have birds as pet. Budgies can be easily socialized once they are given proper training.

Budgie Training:

Budgies use to live in groups. If you want to interact with a budgie, you should have only one bird in the cage, other way it will be closer to other birds than you. If it is given the proper care, it will be your best friend for several years. Budgies are very intelligent and can be trained to speak few words and perform tricks. While training your budgie to speak keep on repeating the same word before trying a new word. You can get a budgie from either a breeder or a pet shop but prefer one from a breeder if possible. When you get a budgie from a pet shop, they will not be friendly at first as they are into the cage along with a moderate-large number of other budgies.

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Determination of Sex:

Budgies sex can be easily determinated when it grows into an adult bird. The cere which is at the top of its beak will be lavender blue for the males whereas for the females it will be in tan or dull brown. All young budgies have pinkish color cere so it is difficult to group them as male and females.

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Things to Be Looked Before Buying the Budgies:

When you decide to buy a budgie, there are certain things that should know before bringing a budgie to your home. No matter where you are purchasing the bird, the budgie should be of free from sign of illness with vents clean, ceres not crusty, eyes clear, no labored breathing, no sign of mites and no corner sitting with ruffled feathers. Even if the bird which you have decided to buy seems to be healthy, check if there is any bird in the cage that seems to be sick. If so, do not buy any bird from this cage. You must also check if the bird has any physical issues. It is preferable to buy the youngest budgies as it will be easier to be trained.

Cage for the Budgies:

The most important thing for a budgie is its cage. The cage must be big enough to ensure the free movement of the budgies, otherwise they will become unhappy and stressed. The cage should be at least of 14 inches L x 11 inches W x 12 inches H. If you place many toys, perches and food dishes inside the cage, there may not be sufficient place for the birds to move around. Avoid putting many toys and items in general or offer them a bigger cage.

Click here for more info in choosing the right cage for your budgie

Necessity of Big Sized Cages:

Let’s face it, most of us are busy with work or other pets and sometimes we can not spend much time with our budgies. Providing a large cage is important and can help in such situation. Before getting a cage for your budgies, be sure that there must be less than half an inch of gap between the bars so that you can prevent the head of budgie to be caught in between the bars. You must also check that the bars are strong enough otherwise they will be easily bent. The cage should also have a non-toxic painting or coating over the bars so that the formation of rust could be prevented.

Accessories inside The Cage:

Most of the cages are made with two dowel perches. It is better to remove one of the dowel types and replace it with 2 or 3 other types of perches such as perches made of natural wood or shaped sand perch. This is because, budgies could enjoy a different kind of perches to be seated on and keep their feet healthy. Most beneficial are the shaped or sand covered perches.

Dishes for Foods And Water:

The cages should also be equipped with separate dishes for food and water. You should also have separate cups for placing the seeds, fruits, vegetables and pellets. The dishes for food and water should be kept clean to avoid bacterial infection to the budgies. When you are having number of budgies in the cage, it is recommended to provide food in separate dishes for each budgie in order to avoid fighting between them. Don’t get the big sized dishes for your budgies otherwise they will occupy more space inside the cage.

Knowing the Budgie Diet:

When you are getting a budgie to your home, it is always better to know the food which are provided to them at the pet shop. This is because, when you are bringing a budgie to a new environment, it will take some days for it to get adapted to the new environment. In this situation if you offer a new variety of food, it may not eat the treat. So it is always better to provide food which offered to the pet shop.

Budgie Accessories:

Budgie accessories include cuttle bone and mineral blocks. Budgies are in need of calcium and mineral in addition to vitamins to ensure a healthy body. As the cuttle bones are made from cuttle bones, they are not harmful for the budgies. You can also give soft mineral blocks for budgies so that they could chew them when they are bored. These bones and blocks will keep the beak of the budgies to be trimmed to a proper length. There are also several vitamins supplements which are available in the pet store or you can even get them from the pet vets.

Toys for Budgies:

Toys are very important for budgies so as not to be bored inside the cage. While buying toys for your budgies, you must avoid the ones that have mirrors over them as they could assume this mirror image as another bird. Toys that are suitable for budgies are small balls, rings, twirly toys, bells and chew toys. All budgies love bells. For this reason many toys for budgies are featured with bells. There are several shops which offer you toys for budgies without any toxic substance coated on them. If you place a new toy in the cage, budgies will be thinking that as an enemy. Only if they make sure that it does not cause any problem, they will start playing with it. The cage skirt is also one of the essential accessories to be placed outside the cage so as to keep the mess inside the cage itself.

Foods for Budgies:

You should provide your budgies with seeds, pellets, vegetables and fruits. You must avoid giving the mixture of seeds and pellets as budgies will leave the pellets and eat only the seeds. You can provide them separately on another day when you are not offering seeds to them. Always provide moths-free seeds and pellets to ensure good health to your budgies. Try to provide fresh vegetables and fruits such as cucumber, carrot, spinach leaves along with some grated cheese. Fruits such as apple, mango and other tropical fruits can be also offered to them. Try to serve them in a clean bowl to avoid bacterial infection. Don’t give them alcohol, chocolate, citrus fruits, cabbages, raw beans and other dairy products as they cause digestive problems to budgies. Always provide healthy foods for your budgies especially at the time of budgie mating and breeding to get healthy chicks.

If you want to know more about budgie diet please click here


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a budgie taking its bath in cage

In the summer, due to the weather warming up, the temperature increase, we should take extra care of our pet birds. The biggest danger is the heat stroke, which can be fatal for our little friends.

But what exactly the heat stroke is?

Heat stroke is a common problem for all warm-blooded creatures (humans, pets other quadrupeds and birds). This usually happens when the birds are exposed to high temperatures for a long time and many times when there is direct contact with the sun. Heatstroke is an extreme situation and a real danger for pet birds. But there are two other cases which may not have such severe symptoms but can cause harm when they occur:

  • Thermal stress manifested by breathlessness and simple opening of the mouth.
  • Thermal stress manifested by these symptoms and the strong anxiety of the bird. Such situations result in release of toxins in the body of the budgie, lowering their immune system and the defense of their organization. For this reason, healthy birds can be afflicted by bacterial infections and metabolic diseases.

Heat stroke can happen when the bird is kept in a cage in direct sunlight where there is no shade or protection from the sun. It can also happen when a bird is in a vehicle with the windows closed or poorly ventilated. Also, a bird can suffer from heat stroke if we offer additional heat in the form of a heat lamp or another heat source or if a bird lives very close to a heating device that operates at high temperatures.

We can easily notice the symptoms of heat stroke. A bird suffering from heat stroke has its mouth open. The temperature of the body has been increased and the bird tries to expel heat from the mouth. In addition, it keeps his wings away from the body trying to cool the area. Because birds do not have sweat glands can not easily eliminate unnecessary heat. It can also be observed ruffled feathers in his effort to help the passage of air between the wings to remove the unnecessary heat. Another symptom is the worry-stimulation. The bird tries to escape from the place, which is why he feels discomfort. It can be observed that it moves restless or hanging from the bars of the cage trying to find probably the coolest spot or where there are waves of air. You may also notice a reddened area of ​​the nostrils and the face. Immobilization is also a symptom that a bird suffers from heat stroke. The bird shocked by the situation experienced, stays stable, has a vacant look and reduces his movements, trying to keep the temperature constant without the increase in its activity. Heat stroke can cause to a bird lack of balance. The bird loses forces and sometimes falls to the bottom of the cage. Finally, the most dangerous symptom is when a bird loses consciousness and struck the bottom of the cage, trying to stay alive. If you anticipate at the beginning of this phase you may be able to save the bird, before blood clots reach the brain, creating irreversible damage or death.

As in any difficult case, it is important to act immediately and calmly. Panic is a bad counselor and most times only adds problems and does not help. Transfer the bird in a quiet and cool place. Transfer the cage to a place in the house where breeze blows or use fan. Splash the bird with cool water, using your hands or sprayers, sp as to cool and moisturize the skin of the bird and under the wings-down, reducing its temperature. Put feet in cool water and cool his beak (they are places with more easily removed unnecessary temperature). Put in the cage a bowl of cool water in order the bird to bathe. If heat stroke is at an advanced stage, try to give water drops in the mouth with a dropper or small syringe. Wrap the bird with a wet towel and keep it quiet until overcome the shock and return to the correct temperature. Try not to cause more stress on the bird until recover completely and visit the vet as soon as possible.

We should be careful to avoid any sudden changes in temperature, such as transferring a hot cage lying into a room where the temperature is very low. Moreover, be sure that the water we use is not frozen (from the fridge) but cool tap water.

Overweight birds are in greater fear of suffering heatstroke, because the layer of fat that have functions as insulation and prevents the movement of air from the ventilatory bags. Also, mothers who brood or feed nestlings in summer. Birds exposed to a sudden increase in temperature are more likely to suffer φρομ heat stroke.

In order to prevent our pet birds to suffer from heat stroke, we should always have shade and fresh, cool water, which must be renewed frequently to any birds that spend time outdoors and avoid taking them with us when for some reason they have to stay for a while in a closed car. We can put the cage outdoors, but always be sure that there is a shady spot in their cage and enough space to renew the air well.

Heat stroke is the result of carelessness or negligence of the owner, which is why we should be very careful when we decide to pull the cage of our friend out in the sun during the summer months with high temperatures.


A few videos of our pet budgies taking a bath in their cage:

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Budgies are very intelligent and playful parrots. They originate from Australia which is their native environment. In the wild, they are very social and live in flocks.In its natural environment a budgie will experience relatively high average temperatures. In general they prefer hot climates although they are very adaptable birds.Budgies are kept as pets for at least 200 years. They make excellent pets and a great companion animal for children and seniors to eliminate their loneliness. As pets they are playful, social and can be hand tamed and be taught to speak words or phrases (they have excellent speaking capability among parrots). They are also easy to clean and care for.

Determining the sex of your budgie:

Determining the sex of an adult budgie is very easy. The color of cere exhibits the gender. The cere is located just above the beak. Knowing the exact age of a budgie helps you to determine their gender. The cere of younger budgies has the same color for both genders and it’s very tricky to determine the age of the budgie. The adult male and females have different cere color which makes the identification process simple. The following tips will help you to determine their sex:

Determine by seeing the cere of your budgie. The adult male budgie has a bright blue color cere at the top of the beak. The male budgies cere is normally bright and predominant. The female budgie has light color cere compared to the male budgie. The female budgie cere also found in light color like light blue, tan, pink or brownish cere. The female budgie cere is rougher than the male budgies. The female budgie is determined by seeing its flaky texture cere.

Observe your budgie behavior:

Observing the budgie behavior helps you to determine their sex. The female young budgies are more aggressive compared to males and territorial. The young male budgie is very playful and more active compared to the females, usually they  are singing, playing and will leave the cage easily if given the chance.

Take notes on your budgie:

The male budgies are very interactive, they sing and mimic more than the females budgie. The budgies different kind of sounds continuously and it seems like singing a song for us. The female budgies produce more noise as they are mad. Female budgies can able sing like the male budgies.

Young Male budgie behavior:

The male budgies are very intelligent and responsive. They learn very quickly to follow their master rules and quickly start talking. The male budgie produces continues mimicking than the female budgies. Research says that the male budgie greet their owner with a song during morning and evening.

The core of cere is in blue color. During budgie mating the cere color looks brighter. The male budgie has also fed its female mate. The male budgie is round and large compared to the female budgie. The young male has smaller pupil than the female budgies.

Young female budgie behavior:

The female budgie can make more noise. They cannot able to sing like the male budgies. They female budgie is a little more aggressive than the male budgie. They can produce arrays of sound in the happy mood. It does not respond like the male budgies. The proper and careful training is required for making female budgie to talk. It’s more territorial than the male budgie. It acts like bossy in the flocks. The female budgies are very curious and active. They tend to bite budgie accessories and soft wood material in the cage.

The female budgie’s cere is very lighter than the male ones. During the mating period the cere of the female looks more brownish. The young female also has larger pupil compared to males. The females are aggressive and nervous while appear to be somewhat smaller than males.

Determining age of your budgie:

Finding the age of your budgie is very tricky. Here are some tips to determine your birds age very simply and approximately.

By seeing cap feathers:

The younger budgies have lighter colored bars on their head to cere. At the age of 3-4 months, the feathers on the forehead replaced with the bright colored feathers. The bars in the bird feathers get vanished during the first molt. The birds attain its original color mutation during the period of first molt. The white and yellow headed budgies get free from the dark bars during the first molt.

The albino and pied kinds do not have feathers like a normal budgie, so you cannot determine their age.

Eye factor:

The younger budgies have black colored eyes.  As they grow, the pupil of the budgie gradually turns into grey color. The budgie with dark eye is definitely younger than four months. The young budgie have cute look and often found in the pet store around you. The budgies with darker colored eyes are normally four to eight months old. The budgies with light gray color eyes are an adult and ready for budgie breeding.

The albino budgies have red color eyes. The recessive pied budgies have dark eye which cannot change upon the age. It makes determining the bird age difficult. Get these types of budgies from a breeder or trusted local pet store

ID band for your budgie:

The ID band is an excellent way to determine the age of a budgie. The Id band contains many numbers and a few letters. The breeder uses the black band as they know their information personally. The letter from the Id band marks the breeder initial.

The different color budgie band is used to determine the year of budgie born. The colored band gives an exact age of your budgie. The American Budgerigar Society uses a different color to mark the year of budgie born.

Color mutation of your budgie:

Budgies originate from Australia and are kept under captivity since the 18th century. The original wild budgies are yellow with blue feathers. The black bar and strips on the head and wings is the basic mutation in a budgie. The color mutations of budgies have occurred by selective breeding. Some mutations are very common while others are very rare. Here are some color mutations:

Base color:

The budgies base color is two types the yellow pigment base and non-yellow based. The base color of the budgie normally appears in mask feathers and wings. The yellow and blue color pigment in the budgie gives the dark green appearance. The dark green budgies are the most common variety. The blue color is originated from the base color.

Dark factor:

The budgies are differentiated from no dark to two dark factors. The dark factor determines the color mutation of your budgie. The budgie with no dark factor originally in light green. The one dark factors results in dark green budgies. The two dark factor results in deep olive colored budgie. The blue budgies with dark factor result in light color, cobalt color and dark blue budgies.

Gray factor:

The gray factor is an additional color to the budgie. The gray factor is very strong and replaces the original color of the budgie. The gray factor in yellow results in green- gray budgies. The gray factor in white budgie results in pied budgies.

Violet factor:

The violet is added to the original color of the budgie. The white color with one dark factor results in cobalt color budgies. The two dark factor results in sky blue color budgie. The violet color gives a more bluish look to your budgie.


The degree of dark factor in the budgie is called as dilution factor. The dilutions are classified into four types gray wing, full colored wing, dilute and clear win. The dilution gives an additional look to your budgie. The dilution determines the contrast of your budgie color.

Yellow face:

The yellow face budgies normally range between white and yellow colored face. The degree of yellow pigment determines the color of the budgie. The yellow face is classified as type I and Type II. The yellow diffuse in the budgie body color and creates a new color in budgie.

Albino budgies:

The budgies without any color shades and marking are called as the albino budgies. The albino budgies are normally in yellow and white color base. These budgies have red eyes and its difficult to determine their age.

Spangle budgies:

The spangle in the budgies makes markings in the budge wings and feather. They produce different pattern in the base color of budgie. The spangle design adds a little dark factor to the budgie color.


The Cinnamon makes the budgie’s head in brown color. The Cinnamon does not affect the color mutation. It gives a different look to your budgie.

Recessive Pied:

The clear feathered budgies are called as the recessive pied. The pied budgies have dark colored eyes it does not get lighten when the budgie grow. It makes the age determination tricky in this type.


The crested is unique and rare mutation in the budgies. The crest like pattern on the body of budgie gives a unique look. The crest is normally differentiated in their types crest on heat, feathers and full body.


The different budgie mutations makes combinations practically limitless.

If you wish to learn more about choosing a budgie please read this article

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budgie cage Imac Elisa Bird Cage

The variety of cages (not all designed specifically for budgies) makes it hard to choose one that will be perfect for your budgies. Sometimes the great variety is intimidating and makes the choice harder, and sometimes you just can get lost between different cages without knowing what to look for. Here is our simple guide for choosing a Budgie Cage in easy to follow steps, explaining the three main aspects of every cage.You should invest as much time and money as possible into a proper and most importantly safe budgie cage.


Safety is the most important feature of the budgie cage, so you will have to make sure that your budgies are just fine in their new home. Here are the steps:

  1. Find a cage that is designed specifically for budgies.
  2. Make sure it is a wire cage so that it won’t break free when the budgie chews it.
  3. Pay attention to the materials – the budgie cage will be chewed, so there should not be anything toxic.
  4. Try to get a cage with both vertical and horizontal wires – thus your budgies will be able to play with them, climbing the horizontal and sliding down the vertical ones.
  5. Make sure the wires are close enough so that your budgie won’t stick its head out and wedge up. A good distance between the wires is 12 mm, although 16 mm will do perfectly for larger birds.
  6. Try to find a budgie cage with parallel wires, because those who get closer to each other at some point may be a problem. Your budgie may stick its foot in them, which may cause panic and some severe trauma.
  7. Pay attention to the door, it should not only slide without anything to hold it, as your budgies will find a way to open it.
  8. Make sure there are no sharp edges or anything else that may harm your budgies, as they will certainly find it if it is there.

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Must-have features

There are certain features that every budgie cage must have. They will make the life of your little budgie easier and happier. See what you need to look for when choosing the budgie cage:

  1. Perches – your birds will use them to sleep or sit on them, as well to play on them. The perches will have to vary in thickness, as this will distribute the pressure in different points of the foot of your budgie. Perches may not be bought from the pet shop, you can easily choose different branches for perches yourself. However, when choosing, make sure the branches are from tree that is not poisonous, as your budgies would love to chew them. Try to find one perch that will make contact with your bird’s toenails. Thus they will be a bit worn out and won’t need to be trimmed too often. The best perches you can find are the eucalyptus branches, as they are the favourite of the wild budgies.
  2. Feeders – this is an essential item, as you will put the birds’ food or water in it. In fact, you will need at least two – one for the food (seeds) and one for the water. You may put a third one for a different type of food, as it is better not to mix them. There are different type of feeders, all of which designed specifically for birds, so you can choose whichever you like and it will suit your birds. Try to put the feeders at one level with the perches – thus your birds will be able to reach them and won’t be able to sit above them and poop in them.
  3. Toys – your budgies will love having something to play with. You may hang a toy or two and certainly a swing for them. Thus your budgies will fly and move more, which will be good both for their health and happiness.
  4. Size – the best way to describe the perfect size is ‘the more – the better’. Buy the biggest cage you can find and spend money on, as your budgies will be happier when there is more space to fly. If you have to choose between budgie cages which are vertically or horizontally loner, choose the horizontal ones, as this will provide even more flying space to your birds.


Ease of cleaning

While the other features were important for the good-being of your budgies, this feature of the budgie-case is important for you. You will clean the cage quite often, so make sure the process is easy. Try the following steps:

  1. Find a budgie cage that will easily allow removing the base and replacing the lining.
  2. Make sure you will be able to easily get out the perches and disinfect them.
  3. Find out whether you have easy access to every corner when wiping the bars.


If you follow all these steps, you are sure to buy a perfect cage for your budgies. They will be happy in it and won’t try to escape and won’t accidentally harm themselves. A bad cage, on the other hand, may result in your buying a new one. Good luck with the choosing!

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About a proper Budgie Diet:

Although budgies have the natural ability to adapt to any environment within a short period of time, they require a special diet to keep them healthy and happy.Diet is the number one factor for a budgie’s well being. Choosing the correct food and supplements is essential for their growth and development into a healthy adult parrot.

Especially during budgie breeding, they require nutritious food to produce healthy young.  Most budgie owners think that feeding budgies with seeds will be more than enough but this is not at all true and they are just a part of the diet of the proper budgie food. The diet includes a combination of vegetables, fruits and pellets in addition to seeds. Besides that, in order to enhance the appearance of the food, most companies are manufacturing the grains and seeds with green and red color additives. These seeds will be more attractive but they are not suitable to their diet.

There are certain things that should be known by budgie owners who want their pets to be alive for more than 10 years.

Did you know that budgies are omnivores? They can actually eat both greens and meats.


Feeding Budgies with Pellets:

The pellets as a food are very much preferred by budgies. Before providing pellets to the budgies you should be aware of the fact that it should not contain any added preservatives, artificial colorings or flavorings. There are several good quality brands of pellets are available in the market. Before buying the pellet packs just be sure that the mixture does not contain sugar. You must also check whether these pellets are kept in a sealed container and in places of high average environmental temperature they are placed in the refrigerator. You can also find some brands which are providing pellets inside jars which will be more useful in storing the pellets. When you purchase the pellets in a packet, be sure that you have properly sealed them after every use. If the pellets have moths or appear to be in bad shape you should not under any circumstances provide them to your budgies. It is always better to purchase them in small quantity to avoid wastage.


Avoid Feeding Mixtures Of Pellets And Seed:

You should avoid feeding your budgies with a mixture of pellets and seeds. From my experience most of the budgies avoid the pellets and only consume the seeds. They will almost certainly leave the pellets unconsumed. It is always better to provide the seeds and pellets in rotation. You can feed them with seeds for 4 days and pellets for 3 days which ensure the healthy diet for your budgies. This type of feeding will provide all the essential nutrition to the budgies. Also when feeding pellets remember to avoid offering millet and honey sticks as they will avoid the pellets if you are providing them with options. Always prefer high quality pellets to avoid illness and the right nutrition.


Essential Fruits and Vegetables:

A proper budgie diet needs more than just seeds and pellets.

Essential things which should be added into the diet of budgies are fruits and vegetables as they provide all the necessary nutrition for the budgies that ensure their good health. Adding vegetables and fruits in their diet is very much important to the budgies as it is easy for them to digest and provide a plethora of nutrional elements.You can provide broccoli, lettuce, bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, parsley and squash. Be sure that the vegetables and fruits offered to budgies are fresh as it is well known that only the fresh vegetables will provide all the necessary vitamins. Grated cheese with broccoli and carrot stems are enriched foods that will be very much liked by them. You can also provide them with fruits such as pears and apples. Thinly slice them and hung them inside the cage. Be sure to replace or remove quickly as they will change to brown color within a few minutes. When you are providing tropical fruits you can cut them into pieces and place them into the bowls. You must provide fruits to them as it plays a major part in their diet. Even if you cant provide fresh fruits everyday for your budgies it is essential to offer at least one vegetable a day. Some budgies love to eat plenty of broccoli and spinach leaves and some other budgies love to eat flower parts. (always be careful and make sure they dont contain toxic substances, fertilizers or other harmful additives).


Additional Sources of the Diet:

Budgies are also in need of proteins to grow so you should not avoid providing protein rich foods. Some budgies will be addicted to the seeds and they will not eat any other thing. Budgie training for eating other foods is also important so that you can convert them to eat everything. You can provide them some slices of well cooked chicken pieces. You need not specially buy chicken for them; instead, you can remove a part of chicken breast which is cooked for you. Then cut into pieces and offer them to the budgies. You can use this for four days when they are preserved in the refrigerator. Avoid using it for more than 4 days and replace it with the new chicken piece. Eggs are also the best source of proteins and vitamins. Whenever you are providing the protein rich-foods you must take them out of the cage after an hour as to avoid harmful bacteria from killing your budgies. In addition to these, you must also provide calcium rich cuttle bones and mineral content blocks to ensure a good health. These cuttle bones will make the female budgies to be more interested in breeding. There are also several budgie accessories with vitamins and pro-biotics which play a vital role in their development.


Foods to Be Eliminated From Budgie Feeding:

The above mentioned foods are very important to budgies and there are certain foods that should be strictly avoided as they are toxic to budgies. You should provide only the fleshy parts of the apple and avoid offering seeds or other parts that are touching the pits. This is because; these parts contain cyanide which is a poison capable of killing your beloved budgies. The fruit pits will also lead to vomiting, diarrhoea or even coma. Most of the kids will be trying to feed budgies with chocolate but you must avoid it is highly poisonous to the birds and can cause seizures, vomiting, diarrhoea or even death. You should also avoid providing Avocados to your budgies as it may cause difficulty in breathing and may lead to heart failure. Even a small amount of avocado is very much harmful to the them. You should not offer dried or raw beans as they contain toxins which can affect budgies adversely. Instead you can provide the cooked foods.


Other Foods to be avoided:

Potatoes which have become green color from being exposed to sunlight should not be provided to budgies. Potato leaves as well as tomato leaves should also be avoided as they contain an alkaloid compound which is toxic. You should not provide grapefruit, plums, lemon and mushrooms as these foods cannot be digested by the budgies easily. As the peanut shells contain fungus which is toxic to birds, it should be avoided for the budgies as well. You can offer cooked nuts instead of raw peanuts. The dried fruits which are treated with SO2 which is commonly known as sulfur dioxide is not good for birds so before getting the mixtures for your budgies, it is better to see the ingredients of the mixture. If it contains any SO2, the mixture should not be given to budgies. The food which is contaminated by your saliva contains bacteria as well as toxic substances which may be harmful to budgies. You should avoid providing dairy products to the budgies as it will cause some digestive issues. Toys with metal parts that are coated with lead or zinc should not be placed inside the cage as it is very toxic to budgies. Make sure that the toys for the budgies are lead and zinc free. There are several toys which are specially designed so you you should prefer ready made toxic free toys. Finally avoid soda, chips, alcohol and sugary desserts as they are very harmful. It is always best to get the suggestion of an expert to provide proper diet for the budgies instead of making a (possibly lethal) mistake.